神秘内容 Loading...

【大话中国城市英文系列】-首都北京 (来源:英语麦当劳-英语快餐EnglishCN.com)

从本期开始 本站-网络英文快餐杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com
将陆续推出中国城市介绍的英文原文,文章精选自国外的权威书籍,以最地道的英文来描述你所熟知的“中国”,收藏本系列文章,无论是对你英文表达能力,还是翻译能力都有很好的促进作用, 文中针对部分难词、好词添有适当的注释,同时提高你的阅读能力

现在就让我们一起来畅游中华吧!                     [[center]][[image1]][[/center]]

::本站诚挚奉献:::

Beijing -北京
 (b-jng) (KEY)  or Peking (p-kng, p–) (KEY) , city (1994 est. urban pop. 6,093,300; 1994 est. total pop. 7,240,700), capital of the People’s Republic of China. It is in central Hebei prov., but constitutes an independent unit (6,564 sq mi/17,000 sq km) administered directly by the national government. The second largest city in China (after Shanghai), Beijing is the political, cultural, and educational center of the country.    1
 
1. Economy and Transportation

Since the Communist victory in 1949, Beijing has become a great industrial area, the heart of a vast complex of textile mills, iron- and steelworks, railroad repair shops, machine shops, chemical plants, and factories manufacturing heavy machinery, electronic equipment, locomotives, plastics, synthetic fibers【人造纤维】, and rolling stock【各种车辆】. With the construction in the 1970s of a pipeline that links the city with the Daqing oil fields, Beijing has developed a sizable petrochemical industry【石油化学工业】. Service industries, mostly administered by the government, have also grown. New industrial development declined in the 1970s and 80s, mainly due to concerns over further pollution. The city is a rail hub, receiving lines from all sections of the country and linked directly with Vietnam and, through both Mongolia and Manchuria, with Russia. Its airport, greatly expanded in 1999, links it to all major Chinese cities and numerous foreign countries.    2 
  [[center]][[image2]][[/center]]
2. Cultural and Educational Institutions

The city has an opera, a ballet, and the impressive national library. It is the seat of many learned societies, research organizations, and academies of fine arts, drama, dance, and music. The more than 50 institutions of higher learning include Beijing Univ., the People’s Univ. of China, Qinghua Univ., the Beijing Foreign Study Univ, two medical colleges, and many technical and scientific schools. The Beijing zoo is famous for its collection of pandas. The Workers’ Stadium is the scene of the Pan-Chinese games, held every four years.    3
 
3. Points of Interest

Beijing in the main consists of two formerly walled districts, the Outer or Chinese City and the Inner or Tatar City. The 25 mi (40 km) of ramparts【城墙】 and monumental gates that once surrounded the cities have been razed【夷为平地】 and replaced by wide avenues to aid the traffic flow. Within the Tatar City is the Forbidden City (formerly the emperor’s residence), the Imperial City (where his retinue【侍从】 was housed), and the Legation Quarter【使馆区】. The Imperial City is now the seat of the government.    4

On the southern edge of the Tatar City is Tiananmen Square, which contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, and the museum of history and revolution. Celebrations held in the square include May Day and the founding date (Oct. 1) of the People’s Republic. In June, 1989, the Square was the site of massive protests for democratic reform, which were violently suppressed by the military, resulting in thousands of deaths and many injuries.    5

Beijing is known for its artificial lakes【人工湖】 and for its parks and temples. It contains many of the greatest examples of architecture of the Ming and Ch’ing dynasties as well as remains from earlier times. The Temple of Heaven (15th cent.) is set in a large park and has a massive altar【圣坛】 of white marble before which the emperors prayed at the summer solstice【夏至】. In the temple of Confucius, built by Kublai Khan, are guarded incised boulders【雕刻的巨石】 that date from the Chou dynasty. An ancient astronomical observatory【天文台】, once used by Catholic missionaries【天主教传教士】, still functions. The Forbidden City, now a vast museum, contains the imperial palaces (two groups of three each) and smaller palaces, all replete【充满】 with art treasures. Just outside Beijing, rivaling the beauties within【能相媲美的】, is the imperial summer palace with its lovely parks.    6
In addition to the many tourist attractions in the city, the Great Wall and the gigantic Ming tombs are easily accessible. At nearby Zhoukoudian were discovered several fossil bones of Sinanthropus pekinensis, or Peking man, an early example of prehistoric man.    7 
  [[center]][[image3]][[/center]]
5. History
Since 723 B.C. several cities, bearing various names, have existed at this site. The nucleus of the present city was Kublai Khan’s capital, Cambuluc (constructed 1260–90). Under the name Beijing [Chin.,=northern capital] the city was the capital of China from 1421 until 1911. The gateway to Mongolia and Manchuria, it was often the prize of contending armies.    8
In 1860, Great Britain and France captured it after the battle of Baliqiao and forced the Chinese government to concede【退让、勉强承认】 the Legation Quarter for foreign settlements. This cession【割让】 was among the factors responsible for the Boxer Uprising【义和团起义】 (1900), in which the foreign colony was besieged until relieved by a combined expeditionary【远征的】 force of American, Japanese, and European troops. The foreign powers exacted【强求(注意这种特殊用法)】 a treaty that provided for the permanent garrisoning【驻军】 of foreign troops in Beijing.    9
The city changed hands repeatedly during the civil wars that followed the establishment of the Chinese Republic in 1911–12. From 1912 to 1927, Beijing, Guangzhou, and Hankou alternated as centers of government. In 1928, when the seat of government was transferred to Nanjing [Chin.,=southern capital], the name Beiping (Pei-p’ing) [Chin.,=northern peace] was adopted. Japan occupied the city after the famous Marco Polo Bridge incident in 1937. The Japanese made the city the capital of a puppet state【傀儡国】 (Dec., 1937).    10
With the end of World War II and the abolition【废除】 of the last foreign concessions【租界】 (1946), the city was entirely restored to Chinese sovereignty. In Jan., 1949, it fell to the Communists, who later that year designated【指定】 it the capital of the newly founded People’s Republic of China and restored the name Beijing. Since 1949, Beijing has spread well beyond its two core cities, and hundreds of new buildings, hotels, and cultural centers now dot the suburbs. A subway was completed in 1969 and added to in the 1980s, although buses, trolleys【电车】, and bicycles are still the main forms of intracity【市内的】 travel. Since the late 1970s the government has attempted to restore and preserve many of the country’s important artistic and architectural works, many of which are in Beijing.    11 
 

下一篇让我们一同走进国际化的大上海...

【装载请注明出处,本站-网络英文快餐杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com

 
神秘内容 Loading...

你可能对下面的文章也感兴趣:

·北京旅游:The Summer Palace
·常见的“公共标志和说明”
·英国银行的常用语
·加拿大信用卡常用名词
·★北京是世界最贵的城市之一(热点关注)
·纽约生存指南
·外出旅游常用到的基本英语
·乘飞机旅行英语常用语句及常用词汇
·住酒店会用到的英语
·绝对地道的美式用餐英语口语

上一篇:「美国习惯用语」第二十七讲  
下一篇:「美国习惯用语」第二十八讲
[推荐] [返回顶部] [打印本页] [关闭窗口]