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当我想起我小狗的死亡时,我很难过。
11. ...but to his surprise, this phone call changed his life. (P16)……但是,令他惊奇的是,这次通话改变了他的人生。
本句中的to one’s surprise意为“令某人惊奇的是”,常常置于句首。其中to是“致使”的意思,后面接表示情感的名词,指一个事件使某人心中产生了某种情感。
To my surprise, he failed in the examination. 使我奇怪的是,他考试不及格。
To everyone’s surprise, Mr King refused. 使每个人感到惊奇的是,金先生拒绝了。
类似短语
to one’s joy/horror/satisfaction“使人高兴/惊恐/满意的是”。
特别提示
in surprise意为“惊奇地”。
The two men looked at each other in surprise. 那两个人惊奇地互相看着。 (来源:www.EnglishCN.com)

“How did you come to know it?” I asked in surprise.
“你是怎么知道这件事的?”我吃惊地问。
12.  She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me, and would always take pride in everything good I do. (P16)她也告诉我,尽管我父亲不再和我们在一起了,他还是在观注着我们,并对我所做的一切好的事情感到骄傲。
(1)even though意为“即使,纵然,尽管”,用来引导让步状语从句,可以与even if替换。
He won’t tell me about it even though (even if) he knows the news.
即使他知道这个消息,他也不会告诉我。
Even though (Even if) you aren’t lifting anything, your muscle gets tired.
即使没有举着什么东西,你的肌肉也会感到疲劳。
(2)本句中的no longer可以与not...any longer替换,主要用来表示时间或距离的“不再”,意在对现在的情况和过去的情况加以比较,故多用于现在时。
You are no longer a child. (=You aren’t a child any longer.)
你已不再是个孩子了。
特别提示
◎no longer一般修饰延续性动词,表示某个动作或状态不再延续下去。
He no longer lives here. (=He doesn’t live here any longer.)
他不再住在这里了。
◎no more相当于not...any more,主要用来表示数量和程度,常常修饰短暂性动词,表示某动作不再重复发生。
The baby no more cried. (=The baby didn’t cry any more.)
这个小孩不再哭了。
He is no more a student. (=He isn’t a student any more.)
他不再是个学生了。
(3)take pride in意为“对……感到自豪”,往往强调一时的行为,动作性较强。其中in是介词,后面接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式作宾语。
The young man took pride in his work. 这年轻人以他的工作而自豪。
特别提示
该短语中的pride是抽象名词,意为“骄傲,自豪”。
13.  and didn’t give up trying to help him (P17)没有放弃努力帮他
本句中的give up意为“放弃,停止”,相当于stop doing sth,其后可接名词或动词的-ing形式。
Don’t give up halfway. 不要半途而废。
You mustn’t give up studying foreign languages for even a day.
你一定不能放弃学习外语,哪怕是一天也不行。
◎give up还可以表示“认输,投降”。
I give up. Tell me the answer. 我认输了。告诉我答案吧。
魔力纠错
吸烟对你的健康有害,所以你必须戒烟。
误:Smoking is bad for your health, so you must give up it.
正:Smoking is bad for your health, so you must give it up.

 
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