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◎dress作为及物动词,指穿衣服的动作,后面不用表示衣服的名词作宾语,但可用指人的名词或代词作宾语,表示给某人穿衣服。
She dressed her children quickly.她很快给孩子们穿上衣服。
◎dress的过去分词dressed与get连用表示“穿上衣服”。
Let’s get dressed and leave at once.咱们穿好衣服马上出发。
◎dress up是“化装”,“穿上盛装”,“打扮”的意思。
They all dressed up as PLA men.他们都打扮成解放军的模样。
She likes to dress up for a party.她喜欢把自己打扮得漂漂亮亮去参加晚会。
8. make a telephone call(P86)打个电话
Mr Tan makes the best noodles in town. (P91)谭先生是镇上面条做得最好的。
make是英语中非常活跃的一个单词。
◎ 用于打电话。第一句中的make后接表示电话的词语,是“打电话”的意思。make a telephone call相当于动词call, ring, phone, telephone等。
试译:我给格林先生打个电话。
① I call/ring/phone/telephone Mr Green.
② I call/ring/phone Mr Green up.
③ I give Mr Green a ring/call.
④ I make a telephone call to Mr Green.
◎ 表示“做”,“制作”。第二句中的make表示“(用材料或零件)做,制作,制造,建造或创造某物”,其所制造的产品通常是由一个或几个部分组成的。
Mother made a big cake for Michael on his birthday.
妈妈为迈克尔生日做了一个大蛋糕。
The workers are making cars in the factory. 工人们在工厂里生产汽车。
He is good at making toy cars. 他擅长做儿童玩具。
【友情链接】make还有一个重要用法,表示“使”的意思,在历年的中考中都有它的考点。这一用法主要掌握两点:(1)在主动语态中,后接不定式作宾语补足语时要省去to;(2)在被动语态中后接不定式作主语补足语时,一定要加上to。
The boss made his employees work two more hours.
老板使他的雇员又工作了两个小时。
Maria was made to leave the company.玛丽亚被迫离开了公司。 (来源:英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)
9.  ...“Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me.”(P92)……“打扰了,我不知道您是否能帮帮我”。
动词wonder在不同的句子结构中表达的意思不同:
(1)后接“who, what, why等疑问词引导的宾语从句”,“疑问词+不定式”时,表示“想知道”。
The teacher wondered why she was late.老师想知道她为什么迟到。
He wondered what happened.他想知道发生了什么事情。
I’m just wondering how to do it.我正想知道怎么做那件事。
(2)后接“that引导的宾语从句”,“不定式短语”时,表示“感到惊奇,对……感到惊讶”。
I wonder that he was off office.我对他下岗感到惊讶。
I wonder to see her looking so cheerful. 我很惊讶地发现她如此高兴。
(3)后接if或whether引导的宾语从句时,表示一种委婉的请求或疑问。
I wonder if you would mind giving me a hand.
我不知道你是否能帮我一下。
She wondered whether you were free that morning.她不知道那天上午你是否有空。
 
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