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重点、难点、考点及疑点注释
1. I prefer music that has great lyrics. (P44)我更喜欢有好歌词的音乐。
prefer是及物动词,意为“宁愿,更喜欢”,相当于like better。
Which do you prefer(=like better), rice or bread?
你比较喜欢哪一样,米饭还是面包?
句型拓展?
◎prefer sb to do sth 表示“宁愿某人做某事”。
They preferred their son to go to the countryside.他们宁可让儿子去农村。
◎prefer+(doing) sth+to (doing) sth表示“宁愿……而不愿……”。
I prefer pears to any other fruit. 我喜欢梨胜过其他的水果。
My grandma prefers taking a walk to sitting in front of the TV.
我奶奶宁愿去散步而不愿看电视。
◎prefer to do sth+rather than do sth表示“宁愿做……而不愿做……”。
My brother preferred to do his homework rather than go to the zoo.
我的弟弟宁愿做作业而不愿去动物园。
2.  I like music that I can dance to.(P44)我喜欢能伴舞的音乐。
dance to是“跟着跳舞”的意思。
They danced to the disco music. 他们跟着迪斯科音乐跳舞。
3.  The music reminds me of Brazilian dance music.(P46)这音乐使我回想起巴西的舞蹈音乐。
remind sb of sb/sth表示“使某人回想起某人/某物”。
This song reminds me of China. 这首歌曲使我想起了中国。
Thank you for reminding me of the meeting I have to attend.
谢谢你提醒我去开那个必须参加的会。
4.  What do you think of it? (P46)你认为它怎么样?
think of和what连用,表示“觉得……怎样”,“认为……如何”,常用来询问对方对某人或某一事物的看法、感受、印象如何,相当于How do you like...?
What do you think of the story?=How do you like the story?
你觉得这个故事怎么样?
短语链语
◎think highly of... “对……评价高”。 (来源:英语论坛 http://bbs.englishcn.com)
We think highly of their research in the field.
我们对他们在这领域里的研究评价很高。
◎think ill of... “对……评价不好”。
Don’t think ill of him. 不要把他想得太坏。
5.  I can’t stand music that.... (P46)我不能忍受……音乐。
动词stand在这里表示“忍受,经受”。
I can’t stand the fellow. 我不能忍受那家伙。
Can you stand the pain? 你受得了这疼痛吗?
6.  It does have a few good features, though. (P48)可是,它的确有一些好的特色。
助动词does在本句中表示强调,说明我们对正在讨论的事感情强烈,does要重读,后面接动词原形。
You do look nice today. 你今天看起来真是漂亮。
She does talk a lot, doesn’t she? 她的确爱说话,不是吗?
知识拓展
◎助动词does可用在肯定句中,避免重复前面已经用过的某个动词。
She said she’d help me and she did. 她说她将帮助我,她也是这样做的。
◎祈使句中用do可以使邀请的口气更加客气、热情或友好。
Do sit down! 请坐!
7.  ... and some of her best loved photos are on display in this exhibition. (P48)……她的部分深受好评的摄影照片也在这次展览会上展出。
本句中的on display表示“展出,陈列”,与on show同义。
They saw many old things on display (=on show).
他们看到许多展出的文物。
New spring suits are on display (=on show) in the shop window.
商店橱窗陈列着新式春装。
8.  ...they don’t interest me as much. (P48)……它们同样唤不起我的兴趣。
(1)interest 作动词时,表示“使发生兴趣,引起注意”。
The story does not interest me. 这故事引不起我的兴趣。
I try to interest him in our plan. 我设法使他对我们的计划感兴趣。
◎interest sb in doing sth
He tried to interest me in buying the house. 他想说服我买这座房子。
(2)as much在句中表示“同样地,同等程度地”。
That is as much as saying I am a liar. 那无异于说我撒谎了。
9.  Whatever you do, don’t miss this exhibition. (P48)无论如何都别错过这次展览。
whatever在这里是连接代词,意为“任何的事物”、“无论什么”、“无论什么样的”等,是由“疑问词+ever”构成的。
Whatever has a beginning also has an end. 凡事有始必有终。
Whatever you do, you should always do carefully.
不管做什么,你都应该认真。
知识拓展
类似的词还有whenever, wherever, however, whoever,分别是“无论什么时候”、“无论在哪里”、“无论什么方式”、“无论谁”的意思。
Whenever I meet him, he says hello to me with a smile.
无论什么时候我遇到他,他都微笑着和我打招呼。
The little boy went wherever his mother went.
不论他妈妈去哪儿,这个小男孩都跟着。
In my own house, I can do whatever I wish. 在自己家中,我可以随心所欲。
Uncle Tom told his story to whoever wanted to listen.
谁爱听,汤姆叔叔就把他的故事讲给谁。
10.  ...I’m lucky to be here for my six-month English course. (P49)……我很幸运在这里上6个月的英语课。
six-month是由数词加名词构成的复合形容词,中间用连字符连接起来作定语修饰后面的名词。
a two-month holiday=two months’ holiday =a holiday of two months
两个月的假期
a twenty-floor building =a building of twenty floors
 
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