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重点、难点、考点及疑点注释
1.  When I got to school, I realized I had left my backpack at home. (P76)我到学校时才发现把书包落在家了。
(1)had left my backpack at home 这是一个过去完成时的句子,表示在过去某一时间或某一动作之前完成的动作或存在的状态。
By three o’clock yesterday afternoon we had finished the work.
到昨天下午三点,我们已经完成了工作。
She had learned a lot of English before she went to school.
在上学之前,她已经学会了很多英语。
(2)left是leave的过去式,在此处意为“遗忘”,“忘记”,后面常有地点状语。
Li Min left his dictionary in the reading-room yesterday.
昨天李民把词典忘在阅览室里了。
特别提示
forget作“遗忘”解时,后面没有“遗忘”的地点。
I have forgotten the book. 我忘记拿书了。
2.  My alarm clock didn’t go off, and by the time I woke up, my father had already gone into the bathroom and I had to wait for him to come out. (P78)我的闹钟坏了,因此等我醒来的时候,我父亲已经进去洗澡了,我只好等他出来。
(1)go off 是“(闹钟)闹响”的意思,即“发出声音”。
The thieves ran away when the burglar alarm went off.
防盗警报器一响,窃贼立刻逃走了。
(2)by the time I woke up 中的by the time意为“到……的时候”。
By the time he was ten, Tom built a chemistry lab himself.
等到了十岁的时候,汤姆自己建了一个化学实验室。
3.  I started walking, but I knew I couldn’t get to school on time. (P78)我开始步行,但我知道我已经不能按时到达学校了。
(1)start to do sth和start doing sth都表示“开始做某事”,常可相互替换。
At the age of 12, he started writing his own newspaper.
= At the age of 12, he started to write his own newspaper.
他十二岁时,开始编写自己的报纸。
(2)on time在本句中意为“准时,按规定的时间不早也不迟”。 (来源:英语麦当劳-英语杂志 http://www.EnglishCN.com)
Li Ming’s father seldom goes work on time. 李明的父亲很少准时上班。
The party began on time that evening. 晚会在那天下午准时举行。
知识拓展
time表示“……次/倍”时,是可数名词,其复数形式为times。
How many times did you see the movie? 那部电影你看了几遍?
I have four times as many books as you.我的书是你的4倍。
特别提示
in time意为“及时”。
I will try my best to finish it in time. 我会尽力及时完成。
Will you be home in time to see the children before they go to bed?
你来得及在孩子们上床睡觉之前赶回家看看他们吗?
短语链语
all the time始终、总是, at any time在任何时候, at the same time同时, by the time在……时候以前, from time to time偶尔, have a good/bad time过得快乐/不快乐, in no time立刻, in time及时, many a time屡次, at times有时, take one’s time慢慢来\\别着急, The Times《泰晤士报》(英国一大报), two times three 2乘以3
4.  Luckily, my friend Tony and his dad came by in his dad’s car and they gave me a ride. (P78)幸运的是,我的朋友托尼和他的爸爸乘他爸爸的小车过来了,带了我一程。
(1)luckily是个副词,意为“幸运地,有运气地”,在句中常用作状语。
Luckily, he didn’t hurt himself when he fell. 算他运气好,跌倒了没有受伤。
Luckily, she was in when I called. 真走运,我打电话时她正好在。
(2)give sb a ride意为“让人搭便车”,其中ride是名词。
Please give me a ride to my school, I’m going to be late.
请把我带到学校去,我要迟到了。
If you go to station, I can give you a ride. 如果你去车站,我可以带你一程。
5.  When I got to school, the final bell was ringing. I only just made it to my class. (P78)我到学校的时候,上课铃正在响。我刚好正点赶到教室上课。
(1) final bell在此处作“上课铃”解,有时也写为second bell,而“预备铃”则表示为first bell。
(2) made it在这里表示“到达、赶上”的意思。
You can make it if you hurry. 如果你快一点的话,就会按时赶到的。
6.  Have you ever forgotten to bring your homework to school? (P78)你是否曾经忘记将作业带到学校了呢?
(1)ever在这里是“曾经”的意思,常用于现在完成时里,询问对方是否有过某种经历。
Have you ever been to London? 你曾经去过伦敦吗?
知识拓展
◎ever用于一般疑问句、否定句以及表示条件或比较的从句中,意为“在(以往)任何时候”,“从来”,“在某时”等。
Nowadays he hardly ever comes. 最近他几乎不来了。
None of us will ever forget that exciting scene.
我们大家永远都不会忘记那个令人激动的场面。
◎ever用于特殊疑问句中,意为“究竟、到底”。
Which ever do you want? 你究竟要哪一个?
When ever did you lose it? 你究竟什么时候丢失这个东西的?
◎ever用于含有最高级的从句中,可用来加强语气。
Li Siguang is the greatest scientist that ever lived.李四光是古今最伟大的科学家。
短语链语
◎ever after“从那以后”
They lived happily ever after. 从那以后他们幸福地生活着。
◎ever since“从……以来”
I’ve known him ever since he was a boy. 我从小就认识他。
◎ever so“非常”
Li Xiang is ever so strong. 李翔非常强壮。
 
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